June 23, 2021
Boxing and archery are the survival skills of human beings in ancient times. Primitive people can survive in harsh environment for their strong body. Before the bow and arrow were born, human beings should defend themselves with their fists. This is the rudimentary of boxing. The earliest historical records were Egypt in the 40th century BC. In ancient Olympic Games, boxing was one of the events. In 1896, in the first Summer Olympics, boxing was not approved for inclusion in one of the events because the Greek monarch thought boxing was too violent, dangerous and inhuman. In 1881, the British Amateur Boxing Association was founded, boxing began to spread to all over the world. By the third summer Olympic Games, men's boxing was officially listed in one of the events, but in the Stockholm Olympics in 1912, boxing was once lost because Swedish law forbids boxing. In 1920, boxing was once again listed in the Olympic Games, until now. Hong Kong Boxing Association was founded in 1955, and is one of the members of the International Amateur Boxing Association (AIBA) and the World Boxing Association (WBC). In recent years, Hong Kong athletes have been able to win medals in international competitions for women and adolescents. So far, the members of the International Amateur Boxing association are more than 190 countries or regions. Meanwhile, the first World Cup women's Boxing Championships were held in Finland in 1999.
Boxing has a long history, it originated from the beginning of human being. In order to survive and compete, human beings invented it. Initially, it was a means of protecting people's lives and property. It has been recorded that it has a history of more than 5000 years. In Encyclopedia of Great Britain, there is a record of "the remains of boxing found in the river basins of Euphrates and Tigris in the 40th century BC". Ancient Egyptians recorded the protective device "skin bandages" for boxing in pictograph. Later, around the 17th century BC, boxing was spread to ancient Greece through Crick island in the Mediterranean. There were two boxing patterns of attack and defense on a pair of magnetic bottles excavated on the Aegean coast in the 5th century BC. In Greek mythology, it is said that Athens Prince saicias (1000 BC) knew boxing and played it. In the archaeological excavation of Mesopotamia, the remains of boxing activities 1700 years ago were also found.
It has been almost four centuries since the Roman Emperor theodores ordered that boxing be banned. The main reason is that people can not forget the influence of the rough influence on ancient Roman boxing; On the other hand, horse racing technology has restrained the development of boxing because of the popularity of horse riding swords in Europe. Knight sports belong to the ruling class and aristocracy, and must be Christians. Boxing, as a kind of self-defense technology and entertainment, is still popular among the people, but it can not be played in public.
In the 8th century, the Ottoman emperor was in power, and the court formulated a new system: "fighting trial". It is to encounter difficult cases in the trial, order both parties to duel, the winner wins the lawsuit. If it is a lawsuit among the aristocrats, they will take the noble custom to ride horses and wear armor to fight swords; But the lawsuit of the people is decided by boxing. Since then, boxing has been more widely spread among the common people.
In 1200 A.D., missionary Saint Bernardin saw the tragedy of many young people who died in the fighting sword, and tried to carry out boxing instead of fighting sword. He abolished the barbaric methods of Roman boxing and advocated the boxing with bare hands, which became a physical activity based on the principle of physical exercise. San Bernard has opened a boxing training school in Sina, Italy, where he coaches himself, presides over boxing and performs referees. In case of any dangerous emergency during the race, he will timely order to stop the game to prevent unnecessary injury accidents. This improved boxing has gradually become popular among young people. San Bernard has been keen on boxing all his life, which has made the boxing that has been interrupted for several centuries to rise again, and become an indelible milestone in the history of boxing.
By the 16th century boxing movement crossed the dopa Strait and spread to Britain. Boxing revived in England at the end of the 17th century A.D. In the early 18th century, there was a prize boxing competition in England. James Figg, the first British boxing champion known as the founder of modern boxing, was born in 1719 and kept the champion for 11 years. He has the reputation of "invincible general". Figg's boxing is a "life and death" fight without protection. He founded the world's earliest boxing school, and became the cradle of the training of British boxers.
After Figg died, his successful student John Brayton (1704-1789) inherited his boxing career. He organized a boxing club to reduce injuries to boxing. In order to make boxing more athletic, he launched a new and the world's earliest professional boxing competition rules on August 16, 1743, named "brauton rules". The rules mainly stipulate that the person who has fallen and any part below the waist shall not be hit. At the same time, Brayton invented the first soft leather gloves to protect the face skin. Brayton later built a large arena in London as a center for specialized professors in boxing and organizing boxing. Brauden put forward a new direction for boxing and played an important role in the healthy development of boxing. Later generations called him "father of boxing".
In 1792, the British boxing champion mendaosha joined the circus to join the British three islands to promote boxing and actively publicize boxing. In 1798, he wrote the first boxing guide in boxing history, named "boxing art", which was popular with people. Mendoza is a pioneer in boxing research and a meritorious minister to carry out boxing.
In 1838, London, England, based on the original rules of brauden, formulated and promulgated the rules of the London boxing championships, which was used in boxing. The rules were also amended in 1853. 1865, a member of the English amateur sports club in London. Reporter John gulahamchambas further improved and revised the new boxing rules. John scholutu Douglas, the Marquis of Queensbury, served as the guarantor of the new rules and named it the "Queensbury boxing rules" in the UK. In this rule, it is clearly stipulated that the people who participate in boxing competition must wear boxing gloves. Each round of the competition is full of 3 minutes and the rest is 1 minute between rounds; Hugging and wrestling are prohibited in the competition, otherwise it is judged as a foul; If the person who is knocked down in 10 seconds cannot stand up, it will determine the other party's victory and other contents. This rule basically formed the competition framework of later boxing competition, which pointed out the direction for promoting the development of boxing.
After the formation of the Queensbury rules in England, it was gradually recognized after 20 years of repeated practice and application. For example, gloves must be used in the competition. It was not until September 7, 1892 that John L. sariban and Kim coped had the first heavyweight championship in the world with five ounce boxers. This rule was finally determined in the rules of boxing and adopted by all boxing competitions. The continuous revision and perfection of the above rules, especially the final determination of the Queensbury rules in England, laid the foundation for promoting modern boxing competition. From another point of view, the efforts of British boxing fans have made indelible contributions to promote and promote the development of modern boxing competition.
Modern boxing originated in England in the 18th century. At that time, there was no boxing suit, no rules and time limit, until Party B lost the ability to continue the competition. J-brayton, a famous British boxer, made the first boxing rules in 1743 in view of the chaos of boxing competition. In 1747, he designed the gloves, which made contributions to the development of modern boxing. In 1839, the British promulgated new rules of London boxing championships. In 1853, it was revised to prohibit the use of foot kicks, head collisions, teeth bite, etc. and stipulated that the ring should be surrounded by ropes. In 1867, British journalist chambers wrote new boxing rules, emphasizing the fighting skills and skills in boxing. In 1880, the British Amateur Boxing Association was established in London and the first championship was held in 1881. The International Amateur Boxing Federation was established on the eve of the 8th Olympic Games in 1924. There are two kinds of boxing in the world today, namely professional boxing and amateur boxing. The boxing competitions of the Olympic Games and the Asian Games are amateur boxing. There are great differences in the rules and methods of the two boxing. Boxing was first listed as a formal event at the 3rd Olympic Games in St. Louis. Only 44 athletes from one country in the United States participated in the competition. The United States naturally won all the titles of seven levels. By 1964, at the 18th Olympic Games in Tokyo, Japan, 269 athletes from 56 countries started in the late 1920s and were initially called "Western boxing". First, someone translated a Book of Western boxing. In the 1930s, boxing was listed as one of the main courses in the Central National Arts (martial arts) Museum and national national national sports college of Nanjing Kuomintang government in the old China.